|Difference between Ryotwari and Mahalwari system.|
|Ryotwari ::1)The authorities entered into settlement with the actual ryot or the owner of the land.|
2)The land revenue was fixed.
3)Executed in Madras and Bombay. Mahalwari system::1)The authorities entered into settlement with the village community where they held land in common tenancy or with the landlords.
2)The revenue was not fixed 3)Executed in the North West Frontier Provinces
|Permanent Settlement....The authorities entered into settlement with the Zamindars....The land revenue was fixed......No assessment of the land was made....The peasants lost the right of their lands....The system was harsh and rigid.|
|Land is owned by the state.|
But the deed is provided to the Zameendar.
He is resp.
to collect taxes and administration of the land The revenue was fixed The Brit took 89% while, Zameendar took 11% of the tax The Intermediateries were involved to collect taxes and other purposes (ref: Bipn Chandra) Raise of the Moneylenders Most embarassing thing is that the, tenant (orginal owner) can be evicted at will and he nomore own the land.
He has to pay the tax wht ever the condition maybe...
drought/ flood etc Severe example is, when,Bengal was brought under, it was a very rich state.
Within a span of 20yrs, it became drought ridden