Central Asian Republics those of particular strategic and economic importance to India. Examining the opportunities and bottlenecks in enhancing relations with these countries.
Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan along with the independent republics of USSR that came into existence in 1991 are the constituents of the Central Asian Republics.
Out of the various economic, educational, scientific and diplomatic connections. The most prominent 1s are the power and energy, fossil fuel business, electricity, Iron and Steel extraction and manufacturing units that are set up in Turkmenistan, Afghanistan etc. Kazakhstan has the largest oil resources in the region, with 3 hydrocarbon wells. ONGC Videsh has 15 percent ownership there.
Apart from these, international trade strategy of India with Central Asia is focused a lot. Focus on bilateral economic relations with Central Asian countries like Tajikistan, Uzbekistan etc. for which India is satisfying almost half of the share of Kazakhstan’s chemical and medicinal requirements.
Infrastructural development to ease the transportation is a big issue and priority as it enhances economic activities exponentially. Trans-Afghan roadways and railways are helped out by India’s contribution too. India is also working to connect itself with Iran and other Eurasian countries through the Central Asian lands. India is also contributing financially to the Iran-Turkmenistan-India roadways.
India has good military related exchange with Tajikistan. Tajikistan’s defense personnel are trained to be perfect soldiers by Indian militia training conduction over there by several joint military training in Tajikistan as well as Uzbekistan.
India’s counter-terrorism activities are vested to include security intentions to and from the central Asian republics.