Category Archives: India

Who won the 2014 Nobel prize for peace?

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nobel-prize-for-peace-2014India’s Kailash Satyarthi, Pakistan’s Malala Yousafzai are joint winners of 2014 Nobel Prize for Peace.

Child Rights Activist Kailash Satyarthi has been conferred with the prestigious Nobel peace prize 2014 along with Malala Yousafzai of Pakistan.

Satyarthi is the eighth Indian to win a Nobel prize. He has been advocating against child labour since the 1990s. His organisation – Bachpan Bachao Andolan symbolises the fight against child servitude. Bachpan Bachao Andolan has helped free over 80,000 children from various form of servitude.

Satyarthi was born on January 11, 1954 in Vidisha in Madhya Pradesh. The Nobel Peace Prize Committee said that he has been awarded for his struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education.

A teenage Pakistani activist came to the international limelight when she was shot by the Taliban…

The 16-year-old Malala Yousafzai rose to prominence in October 2012, when the Taliban tried to kill her for advocating the equality and education of women. She was shot in the head while returning from school in Mingora, the main city of the northwestern Swat valley where militants had a strong base at the time.

She was initially treated in Pakistan, but was later flown to a hospital in Britain, where she now lives with her family.


Why Mahatma Gandhi propagated Khadi as a part of independence movement?

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Swadeshi was a natural positive corollary of boycott. Mahatma Gandhi firmly believed that a substantial reason for the British to hang in India was their economic interests. Once that is gone, english would have no other option but to leave India. Britain was exporting its Manchester cloth to India at exorbitant prices, so Gandhi thought of weaving Khadi as an option to Manchester cloth. He cajoled people into leaving British cotton for Khadi.

Khadi was a tool of Indian spirit of resurrection that it can take on the might of the RAJ and fight them economically apart from politically. Khadi was a tool to promote the benefits of the most deprived sections as it makes them self sufficient and removes the middle man that was there between the mill owners and the villagers. It is a bodily endowment of Swaraj as Gandhi firmly believed that Swaraj could not come from machines.

Khadi meant equality for all as khadi was meant equally for all irrespective of his social strata. a sinner, criminal, poor, rich, hermit all have right over khadi but only after spinning it. It was a symbol of free India and those who wore it were free in spirit from the shackles of slavery.


What does Dasara means?

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What does Dasara means:

Dasha Hara is a Sanskrit word which means removal of ten bad qualities within you.

Kama vasana (Lust)
Krodha (Anger)
Moha (Attachment)
Lobha (Greed)
Mada (Over Pride)
Matsara (Jealousy)
Swartha (Selfishness)
Anyaaya (Injustice)
Amanavta (Cruelty)
Ahankara (Ego)

It’s also known as ‘Vijaydashami’ which means Vijaya over these ten bad qualities.


Indian people involvement against deforestation

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Deforestation has been a major cause of ecological imbalance and needs community driven approach for tackling the probable of deforestation. In the past too, people have come together to check unscrupulous cutting of trees and thus making their presence felt in the field of afforestation and prevention of climate change. They resorted to innovative and non violent methods of saving the trees.

Chipko movement was one such movement wherein the people clung to the trees, tied rakhis to the trees as if they were their brethren. The people clinging to the trees thwarted the bulldozers away and gave a loud and clear message to the decision makers that development cant be enforced, it has to come from the sub altern. The women were at the fore front which embarked a new era of eco feminism in india.

It showed that women were an equal stakeholder in the conservation as well as development process. Jungle bachao andolan was another such movement that exposed the bureaucratic greed when it wanted to replace the sal trees with high value teak forests. The tribes were to the rescue and thwarted any attempts to do so.


Why MSF is aligned to bank rate or vice versa?

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MSF – Marginal standing facility is a window for banks to borrow from Reserve Bank of India in emergency situation when inter-bank liquidity dries up completely.

Banks borrow from the central bank by pledging government securities at a rate higher than the repo rate under liquidity adjustment facility or LAF in short.(which is 1% More than repo rate currently)
msf is aligned with the bank rate because both are penal rates for breaching the slr and crr limits.

Also msf is useful bcoz repo operations are available for only limited period during s day..which is not so for msf.. In which case the banks are permitted to borrow under msf in lieu of whatever excessive slr they have.

So,
1) if slr =22.50% this means- Borrowing allowed under MSF= 2% of NDTL
2) If SLR<22.50% This means borrowing allowes under MSF = 2% Of NDTL( kindly check it from other sources..not sure)
3) If SLR >22.50% Then Borrowing Allowed under MSF is 5% of NDTL.


What is Micro Insurance?

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What is Micro Insurance? – As per IRDA guideline micro insurance is where the amount insured is less than rupees 50000. Now micro insurance caters to the socially excluded groups or workers in unorganized sector who have little savings and extends life and general insurance products to them.

The scheme may be extended on the basis of pooling of community resources or on an individual basis. The premium amount is very less and at times returned under term insurance also.Thy are usually extended by a partner agent model where an agent which is an insurance company which designs the product while a MFI(usually an NBFC) who markets it.

The success of micro insurance depends on the no. of people paying the premium. A healthcare agent is also roped in as the health service provider.


Reasons for the rise of communalism in India and what can be done to remedy it?

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Reasons for the rise of communalism in India and what can be done to remedy it?

Division is natural order and human beings find some way or the order to seclude themselves in groups with selective affiliates. Inside religions, we have sects, castes and religious denominations as further subdivisions.

As for rise in communalism it has been due to :

1) Ancient fault lines created by the British that eventually resulted in the division of India has left a deep impact on the psyche of the country. it created a line of suspicion for ever between the 2 communities making the country vulnerable to riots.

2) Polity of appeasement that has made the minority be suspicious of their existence and getting subsumed in the majority.

3) Anti social elements instigating the communal sentiments by making use of technology like social media.4) activities of foreign funded missionary activities converting the gullible section of the society.

Religion which was supposed to provide solace to man and connect him/her with God (seriously doubt if he exists) has eventually turned out to be one of the biggest dividing force (inter as well as intra religion) through out the world.

No institution other than religion has ever been manipulated so much in the history of mankind and that too for the wrong reasons. Hitler was a just a magnified manifestation at the world stage of all the little Hitlers that reside in majority of us. And with power in our hands, we show what we can do.


List of Current Ministers in India – July 2014

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Here is a list of current ministers in India. This list is as on July, 2014.

1. Narendra Modi – Prime Minister and he is also minister for Personnel, Pensions and Public Grievances.

2. Rajnath Singh – Minister for Home affairs

3. Sushma Swaraj – Minister for External Affairs, Overseas Indian Affairs.

4. Arun Jaitley – Minister of Finance, Minister for Corporate Affairs, Minister for Defence.

5. Nitin Gadkari – Minister for Transport and Highway Shipping. He is also minister for Rural Development, Panchayat Raj, Drinking water and Sanitation.

6. D.V. Sadananda Gowda – Railway Minister.

7. Uma Bharati – Minister for Water Resources, River Development and Minister for Ganga rejuvenation

8. Ram Vilas Paswan – Minister for Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution.

9. Kalraj Misra – Minister for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises.

10. Menaka Gandhi – Minister for Women and Child Development.

11. Ananth Kumar – Minister for Chemicals and Fertilizers.

12. Ravishankar Prasad – Minister of Information Technology and Communication. He is also minister for Law and Justice.

13. Ashok Gajapathi Raju Pasupathi – Minister for Civil Aviation.

14. Harsimrat Kaur Badal – Minister for food processing industries.

15. Narendra Singh Tomar – Minister of mines, steel, laber and employment.

16. Smriti Irani – Minister for Human Resource Development.

17. Thaawar Chand Gehlot – Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment.

18. Dr. Harsh Vardhan – Minister for Health and Family Welfare.


Which High Court Declared CBI as Unconstitutional?

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Question:

Which High Court Declared CBI as Unconstitutional?

Hints:

1. The High Court ruled that the setup of the Central Bureau of Investigation was "unconstitutional" as it was not done through any constitutional law.
2. The High Court also stayed CBI from investigating cases.

Options:

A. Mumbai High Court

B. Chennai High Court

C. Gauhati High Court

D. Delhi High Court

Answer this Question


When was the CBI Established in India?

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Question:

When was the CBI Established in India?

Hints:

1. It was established before Independence.
2. It was renamed as Central Bureau of Investigation in 60s.

Options:

A. 1942

B. 1941

C. 1952

D. 1963

Answer this Question