1. The song was taken from Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay 's Novel. 2. The song first sung by Rabindranath Tagore.
D. Mother India
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Vande Mātaram - literally - "I bow to thee, Mother" - is a poem from Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay's 1882 novel Anandamath. It was written in Bengali and Sanskrit.
It is a hymn to the Mother Land . It played a vital role in the Indian independence movement, first sung in a political context by Rabindranath Tagore at the 1896 session of the Indian National Congress.